Home > Grading System

terms and conditionsThe grading system is designed to help you in making your right decision, before booking your trip. Please read carefully the description of the tour, its rating and what is that means and be sure that you won’t overestimate your abilities.

Grading System For Hiking, Trekking and Backpacking Tours (in accordance with Swiss-SAC Hiking Scale)

T1HikingPath well beaten and marked, terrain flat or moderately inclined, no danger of falling.None. Suitable also for sport shoes. Orienting without problem, in principle also without a map.
T2Mountain hikingA continuous path, generally marked, terrain in sections steep, danger of falling not excluded.Requires a safe step. Trekking shoes recommended. Basic orientation skills required.
T3Demanding mountain hikingTrail not necessarilly visible, exposed passages can be protected with cables, to maintain equilibrium one eventually needs hands, usually marked, a danger of falling on exposed passages, gravel slopes, pathless rock slopes.A very safe step. Good trekking shoes. Orientation skills required constantly. Elementary alpine experiences.
T4Alpine hikingTrail not present, on some places hands are needed to advance, terrain already quite exposed, tricky grassy slopes, steep rocky slopes, easy snow slopes or bare glacier passages.Experiences with exposed terrain. Stable trekking shoes. Ability of terrain assessment. Good orientation abilities. Alpine experiences. If weather deteriorates, escape can become difficult.
T5Demanding alpine hikingPathless, exposed and difficult terrain, on some places easy climbing sections, steep scramble terrain, snow fields or bare glacier passages where there’s danger of sliding.Mountaineering shoes. Reliable assessment of terrain. Very good orientation abilities. A lot of alpine experiences. Easy climbing skills. Elementary skills of handling with rope and ice pick.
T6Difficult alpine hikingPathless, not marked, very exposed and difficult terrain. Climbing passages up to UIAA degree II. Tricky, steep rocky terrain, glacier with a higher danger of sliding.Excellent orientation abilities, mature alpine experiences and mastering of handling with alpine gear.

Grading System for Via Ferrata routes (in accordance with UIAA, the Italian scale has been adopted as international standard)

FEquipped path, with low exposure and long walking tracts. Good fixed protections, consisting mainly in metalic ropes (or chains) used only to increase safety.
Short Via Ferrata with low exposure. The itinerary usually presents couloirs, chimneys, short vertical tracts where chains. ropes, pegs and stairs help the progression.
 DVia Ferrata with a medium-long length, requiring a good physical condition and technical competency. Often, the itinerary is vertical and overhangs may be present. Equipped with metallic ropes, chains, pegs and stairs.
The itinerary presents exposed and technical sequences; a very good physical condition and technical competence required. The itinerary is vertical, and overhangs are climbed with few artificial aids. Equipment consists of metallic ropes, with pegs and stairs.
The itinerary presents several exposed and technical sequences, possibly created on purpose; in order to increase the engagement, only few artificial pegs/ stairs are in place. Therefore, a very good physical condition and some climbing technical competences are required.
  • F = facile (easy)
  • PD = peu difficile (not very difficult)
  • D = difficile (difficult)
  • TD = très difficile (very difficult)
  • ED = extrêmement difficile (extremely difficult)


TECHNICAL ENGAGEMENT1. Null or low technical difficulty, very good equipment
2. Equipped with pegs, stairs, bridges: sometimes it is required to climb using natural holds
3. Many vertical or overhanging segments; it is necessary to climb using natural holds; advisable a minimum knowledge of rope techniques
PHYSICAL ENGAGEMENT1. It requires a physical effort equivalent to a moderate walking excursion
2. It requires a good physical condition (force and resistance)
3. It requires a very good physical condition (force and resistance)
EXPOSURE1. Low Exposure
2. Moderate Exposure, some aerial steps
3. Very exposed with may aerial sequencese
ENVIRONMENT1. Low altitude, often warm and safe weather. easy escape
2. Mountain environment, altitude between 1000 and 2000 m; beware of thunderstorms, wind and cold weather
3. High mountain environment; altitude higher than 2000 m; possible presence of snow section; beware of thunderstorms. wind and cold weather

Grading System for Snowshoeing Tours

Introductory. Full instruction is given on snowshoe technique and equipment. Designed for those who have done little or no snowshoeing, but who take regular exercise and have a reasonable level of fitness. This is ideal for walkers who want to explore the mountains in winter. Expect to walk on a variety of terrain from flat to undulating, on and off the beaten tracks. Expect to walk for up to 4-6 hours a day.

Intermediate. Suitable for most summer mountain-walkers, but generally involving longer days at a moderate altitude (up to 1,800m). Routes taken are mainly off the beaten track. A good level of fitness is required as these trips can involve considerable amounts of ascent and descent and the occasional difficult day. Expect to walk 5-7 hours per day.

Advanced. These holidays are very physically challenging and are suitable for regular mountain-walkers who are used to extended days. These treks can involve difficult and sometimes demanding days, as well as lengthy periods at higher altitudes(up to 2,500m). A high level of fitness and previous snowshoeing experience is essential. Expect to be walking 5-7 hours per day with the occasional longer day.

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